Article 39a session
- A meeting in a court-martial led by the military judge to address issues that do not pertain to the defendant's guilt or innocence, similar to sidebar conferences in a civilian court
- During the Article 39a session, the judge took care of procedural issues.
- The military judge convened an Article 39a session to discuss matters not related to the defendant's guilt.
- The defense and prosecution met with the judge in an Article 39a session before the trial began.