- Cum testamento annexo: a Latin phrase that translates to 'with the will annexed.' It's typically used in situations where a will exists, but an executor hasn't been appointed or is unable to perform their duties. In such cases, court administration (a CTA) is awarded
- When the named executor in the will cannot act, a CTA is often appointed to handle the estate's matters.
- The court awarded a CTA due to the absence of a specified executor in the decedent's last will.
- The judge ordered a CTA to manage the estate since the will failed to nominate an executor.