- It's a conscious challenge to a court's decision within a legal proceeding. Its aim is to modify or overrule the previous judgment
- The defendant launched a direct attack in appellate court to correct the trial court's judgement.
- If a direct attack is successfully made on a judgement, it can lead to the judgement being overturned entirely.
- In some cases, a direct attack may be the only means to correct a substantial error in judgment.