dower and curtesy
- The entitlement of a surviving spouse to a portion of the deceased spouse's estate, traditionally distinguished as dower for a wife and curtesy for a husband, but now generally equal regardless of sex
- In many states, dower and curtesy rights have been replaced by statutory share rights for surviving spouses.
- Some real estate transactions can be affected by dower and curtesy rights of the other spouse.
- Dower and curtesy were historically gender-based but now typically provide equality between spouses.