efficient intervening cause
- An occurrence or event that breaks the connection between the wrongful act by a party and an injury to another party, mitigating or eliminating the original party's liability
- After the car accident, the defense argued that there was an efficient intervening cause that absolved their client of responsibility.
- The court ruled that the sudden earthquake, unrelated to the contractor's work, was an efficient intervening cause in the building's collapse.
- The prosecution was unable to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt as the defense presented an efficient intervening cause having a role in the accident.