- A governmental department in ancient England that managed the collection and administration of the royal income. Initially, it was concerned with the collection and management of the royal revenue, but over time, it also became the arbiter of revenue cases
- Previously, it referred to a high-ranking court in England and Wales with authority over cases primarily related to revenue issues. This court has since been incorporated into the Queen's Bench Division of the High Court of Justice
- In the Middle Ages, the Exchequer was responsible for the collection and management of the royal revenue in England.
- Over time, the Exchequer's role expanded to include the adjudication of revenue cases.
- The Exchequer court has since been merged with the Queen's Bench Division of the High Court of Justice.