- A term referring to a type of governance where authority is shared or divided between a central administration and regional or territorial segments, such as states
- Pertains to the primary administration within a federation, specifically denoting it separately from the regional or territorial units' governments such as those of individual states
- The federal government has the authority to impose nationwide laws.
- Certain rights are protected under federal law, irrespective of the state's individual laws.
- Issues of national security are typically handled at the federal level, rather than by individual states.