Indian Removal Act of 1830
- A law enacted in 1830 with the aim of relocating Native American tribes from the eastern part of the Mississippi River to lands in the west. The act disregarded a previous legislation passed in 1789, which declared Native American land rights to be respected and stated that their land titles could only be taken away through treaties. This act led to a number of negative consequences, including forced displacement with military force, continuous violation of treaties, loss of native lands, and less independence for the tribes. Following the outcomes of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, a series of legislative decisions were made, including the Dawes General Allotment Act of 1887, the Indian Reorganization Act in 1934, the Snyder Act in 1921, and the Indian Civil Rights Act in 1968, all with varying results, effects and consequences on the lives and rights of Native Americans
- The Indian Removal Act of 1830 led to the forced displacement of Native American tribes from the east to the west of the Mississippi River.
- As a result of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, native tribes suffered substantial loss of their land and saw their independence reduced.
- Following the aftermath of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, congress made several legislative decisions in efforts to correct the negative impact and enhance Native American self-governance.