- A republic is a form of government where the head of state is not a king or queen, typically being a president in most modern contexts
- In a republic, it's a form of government where the utmost authority lies with a group of citizens who have the right to vote. These citizens elect officers or representatives who are answerable to them, and who govern according to legally established rules
- The transition from a monarchy to a republic took place over several years with many struggles along the way.
- One characteristic of a republic is that citizens have the right to elect their representatives to govern the nation lawfully.
- In a republic, the individual holding the highest office, such as a president, is not a monarch.