- Refers to a topic or decision that has been legally finalized
- Describes a dispute whose resolution, marked by a conclusive judgment, is binding and ends any further argument about the rights, questions, and facts involved
- Defines a court's judgment or other legal decision considered irreversible, hence preventing rerunning of the same case
- A legal principle that restricts the revisiting or re-contesting of issues already decided upon in adjudication
- A comprehensive rule in civil law that prevents a party from trying to reintroduce a matter already settled, which can include situations under concepts of merger, bar, collateral estoppel, and direct estoppel
- Specific legal rule denying the opportunity for rearguing claims and issues springing from an identical cause of action between the same parties after a conclusive judgment or binding decision
- An assertion of the concept 'res judicata' to block a case from being contended again
- The defendant invoked res judicata, arguing the matter had already been determined by a court so the same claim could not be brought again.
- Because the plaintiff's claim had previously been resolved in court, the judge applied the principle of res judicata to prevent a re-litigation of the same issue.
- Res judicata was used to prevent the recurred dispute as the court had already issued a final judgment on the matter.