rule of necessity
- A principle that allows or mandates an authority figure, such as a judge, to rule on a case even if they have a bias or personal stake, given that disqualification would lead to no other qualified panel being available
- The rule of necessity was invoked when there was no other judge available who didn't have a personal interest in the case.
- Due to the rule of necessity, the judge with a potential conflict of interest had to preside over the case as no other judge was qualified and available.
- As a statesman, he had to make a decision because the rule of necessity applied due to the lack of any other competent official.