- A process that can begin independently from an ongoing case, initiated by either a petition or motion. This process can result in a final order with significant impact on a person's legal rights and can be appealed immediately
- The lawyer initiated a special proceeding for his client to prevent potential disbarment.
- The city commenced a special proceeding for the condemnation of the abandoned property.
- Upon filing the motion, a special proceeding was started that could negatively affect her rights if not successfully appealed.