- An unforeseen circumstance a person involved in a legal proceeding experiences without any mistake or negligence on their part, giving them the right to seek remedial action, like a retrial
- A characteristic of unfair procedure where a contract term is disguised within a complicated mass of text, often overlooked by the other party
- The defense argued for a retrial on the grounds of surprise, as the key evidence was unexpectedly introduced at the end of the original trial.
- In reviewing the contract, the attorney identified a surprise, a critical clause cleverly hidden within the document's complex writing.
- The judge considered the introduction of new evidence a surprise, and therefore, granted the party's request for another trial.