- A type of court governed by an American Indian tribe, typically located on a reservation. This court has the authority, as defined by federal law, to handle custody and adoption cases involving tribal children, criminal cases related to offenses carried out on tribal lands by tribe members, and an extensive scope of civil jurisdiction for cases between tribe members and those not part of the tribe
- The tribal court is deciding on an adoption case involving a child from the tribe.
- Criminal offenses committed on tribal lands by tribe members are handled by the tribal court.
- Disputes between tribe members and nonmembers are resolved in the tribal court.